A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

A

absolute URL
The full Internet address of a page or other resource on the World Wide Web. An absolute URL includes a protocol, such as “http,” a network location, and an optional path and file name. For example, http://www.example.com/ is an absolute URL.

 
accessibility
The quality of a system incorporating hardware or software that makes it usable by people with one or more physical disabilities, such as restricted mobility, blindness, or deafness.

active hyperlink
A hyperlink that a site visitor is clicking in a Web browser. For example, a hyperlink is active between the time a site visitor presses and releases the mouse button, when clicking that hyperlink.

Active Server Page (ASP)
A server-side scripting technology for creating dynamic, interactive Web applications. An ASP file is a document that contains scripts that are run by an ASP-compatible Web server. After running those scripts, the Web server sends the resulting pages and files to the Web browser.

active Web page
In FrontPage, the Web page that is currently open.

active Web site
In FrontPage, the Web site that is currently open.

ActiveX
A set of technologies that allows software components to interact with one another in a networked environment, regardless of the language in which the components were created. ActiveX is used primarily to develop interactive content for the World Wide Web, although it can be used in desktop and other programs.

ActiveX controls
Reusable software components that incorporate ActiveX technology. ActiveX controls can be embedded in Web pages to produce animation and other multimedia effects, interactive objects, and sophisticated programs. They can be written in a variety of programming languages, including C, C++, Java, and Visual Basic.

ActiveX Data Objects (ADO)
A data access interface that allows client programs to access and manipulate data in a file- or server-based database.

ADO
See ActiveX Data Objects

Advanced Streaming Format (ASF)
A streaming file format for use with Windows Media Player. This file format can include audio, scripts, ActiveX controls, and HTML documents. ASF-format files have an .asf file name extension.

American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII)
A coding scheme using 7 or 8 bits that assigns numeric values to 255 characters, including letters, numerals, punctuation marks, control characters, and other symbols. ASCII is a standard for transmitting data between different types of hardware and software systems, and it is built into all personal computers.

anchor
See bookmark

animated GIF
A file containing a series of GIF-format graphics that are displayed in rapid sequence, giving the appearance of a moving picture.

anonymous FTP
The ability to access a remote computer system, by using the File Transfer Protocol (FTP), on which one does not have an account. Users have restricted access rights with anonymous FTP and usually can only list, view, or copy files to or from a public directory on the remote system. To help maintain security, many FTP sites do not permit anonymous FTP access.

anti-aliasing
The smoothing of jagged edges in graphical elements and text. Anti-aliasing softens jagged lines or curves by shading adjacent pixels.

Apple QuickTime
See QuickTime

applet
See Java applet

article
A message or posting in a discussion group or an Internet newsgroup. An article can be a response to another article. An article is also called a post.

ASCII
See American Standard Code for Information Interchange.

ASF
See Advanced Streaming Format

ASP
See Active Server Page

ASP.NET
A set of technologies in the Microsoft .NET Framework for developing Web programs and XML Web services. Web servers that are compatible with ASP.NET can host Web services and run Web programs. Because ASP.NET can create HTML, XML, and other types of documents when processing programs and services, site visitors can display the results in a Web browser. ASP.NET programs and services can be written in any .NET-compatible language, including Visual C# .NET.

ASP.NET controls
Components that run on an ASP.NET-compatible server and encapsulate user-interface and other related functionality. They are used in ASP.NET pages and in ASP.NET code classes.

aspect ratio
In computer displays and graphics, the ratio of the width of a picture or picture area to its height. For example, an aspect ratio of 2:1 indicates that the picture is twice as wide as it is high. The aspect ratio is an important factor in maintaining correct proportions when a picture is incorporated into another document, such as a Web page.

Audio Video Interleave (AVI)
A multimedia file format for use with Windows Media Player. This file format can include sound and video, and it adheres to the Resource Interchange File Format (RIFF) specification. AVI-format files have an .avi file name extension.

authentication
The process of verifying that an entity or object is who or what it claims to be. For example, a user name and password may be used to authenticate a user.

authentication database
A database on a server that verifies that an entity or object is who or what it claims to be. For example, an authentication database can match user names to passwords.

autostretch
In FrontPage, an option for setting all or part of a layout table to a fixed width. After setting part of a layout table to a fixed width, the other part of the layout table automatically stretches to adjust to the size of the Web browser window. See also layout table, layout cell.

AVI
See Audio Video Interleave

B

background sound
An audio file associated with a Web page. When a site visitor opens the page in a Web browser, the audio file plays either continuously or the number of times that the code in the Web page specifies.

banner
See page banner

base location, base URL
A URL that you can specify for a Web page in order to convert all relative URLs on that page to absolute URLs. A base URL should end with either a file name, such as http://www.example.com/sample.htm, or a trailing slash, such as http://www.example.com/subdir/.

Behaviors
Scripting options that add interactivity or increased functionality to text or other elements in a Web page.

bevel
A three-dimensional edge effect applied to the border of a graphic.

bitmap (BMP)
A picture consisting of a series of small dots, much like a grid with certain squares filled in to form shapes and lines. Bitmap is a standard graphics file format on Windows-based computers. It supports 24-bit color and can be saved for Windows or OS/2 systems. BMP-format files typically have a .bmp file name extension.

bookmark
A named location on a Web page that can be the target of a hyperlink. A bookmark can be applied to a string of characters or exist on a page separately from any text. Bookmarks allow you to link to a specific section of a target page. A bookmark is also called an anchor.

broken hyperlink
A hyperlink that points to an incorrect URL or a missing page or file.

browser
See Web browser

browser-safe palette
A color table containing only 216 of a possible 256 colors, used to precisely match and display colors in graphics. The remaining 40 colors are omitted because they can display differently, depending on the color-quality settings of the computers that display them.

C
cascading style sheet (CSS)
An HTML specification developed by the World Wide Web Consortium that defines how authors of Web pages can attach style sheets to Web pages. Styles sheets define the appearance and formatting of content on Web pages and allow you to have more control over how content displays in Web browsers.

category
In FrontPage, a classification for labeling and grouping Web pages and files by common criteria, such as page contents, file types, or similar distinction.

cell padding
The amount of space, in pixels, between the contents and inside edges of a table cell.

cell spacing
The amount of space, in pixels, between cells in a table. Cell spacing is the thickness of the walls surrounding each cell.

certificate
A digitally signed document that is issued by a certification authority on behalf of a user, a computer, or a service. Certificates help to ensure that no other Web site can assume the identity of a site. This helps make sensitive online transactions, such as shopping, more secure by preventing unauthorized access to information sent to or from a site.

CGI
See Common Gateway Interface

character encoding
A one-to-one mapping between a set of characters and a set of numbers. Character encodings allow Web browsers to interpret the characters in a Web page and display those characters correctly.

character set
A group of alphabetic, numeric, and other characters needed to display text in a specific language.

child Web site
See subsite

class selector
In cascading style sheets, a name identifying a user-defined style. Depending on how it’s defined, a class selector can be used with a single type of tag or with any HTML tag inside the BODY element.

client
On a network or the Internet, a computer that accesses shared network resources provided by another computer. See also server.

client-side image map
An image map that directly encodes in a Web page the destination URL of each hot spot in that image map. Client-side image maps do not require processing from a server when a site visitor follows the hyperlinks in the image map.

client-side program
On the Internet, a program that is run on a client computer rather than on a server computer.

code snippet
In FrontPage, one or more lines of HTML or other code that you can save and use again.

Code view
In FrontPage, a view that displays the HTML and other code of a Web page or a file.

comment
In FrontPage, text that you can view in Page view, but that does not appear in a Web browser. Comment text appears purple in Page view and is used to insert notes to authors and editors during the development of the page. Although comment text does not appear in a Web browser, site visitors can view it by viewing the source HTML of the page.

Common Gateway Interface (CGI)
A standard method of extending Web server functionality by running programs or scripts on a Web server in response to Web browser requests. A common use of CGI is in form processing, where the Web browser sends form data to a CGI script on the server, and then the script integrates the data with a database and returns the results as a Web page.

component
In FrontPage, a built-in object that is evaluated and run when you save a Web page or, in some cases, when a site visitor browses to the page. Components in FrontPage include search forms, which allow site visitors to search for text in a Web site, and form handlers, which gather information from a form.

compression
The process of reducing the size of a file by changing its format so that it requires less storage space or takes less time to transfer. See also decompression.

confirmation page
A Web page confirming that data entered into a form has been successfully submitted by a site visitor.

CSS
See cascading style sheet

D

DAO
See Data Access Objects

Data Access Objects (DAO)
A data access interface that communicates with Microsoft Jet and ODBC-compliant data sources to connect to, retrieve, manipulate, and update data and database structures.

data connection
A connection that specifies the name, type, location, and, optionally, other information about a database file or server.

data source
A stored set of information. A data source might be a database, an XML file, a Web service, or a list on a Windows SharePoint Services Web site.

data validation
A set of rules that you can apply to form fields and other types of fields to restrict the type of information site visitors can enter into those fields.

Data View
In FrontPage, a customizable display of data that can be populated by a variety of data sources.

database
A file or server containing records of information that are organized and presented to serve a specific purpose, such as the facilitation of searching, sorting, and combining data. Databases can be published on the World Wide Web to let site visitors search for information or add new information to the database.

database results region
In FrontPage, an area on a Web page that can be dynamically populated with the results of a database query when a site visitor opens the page in a Web browser.

DAV
See Web-based Distributed Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV)

decompression
The process of reversing the procedure that is run by compression software. During decompression, the compressed data returns to its original file size and format so it can be accessed or played. See also compression.

default hyperlink
In an image map, the hyperlink that site visitors follow when they click an area of the graphic where there are no hot spots.

Design view
In FrontPage, a view that displays an approximated WYSIWYG version of a Web page. You can use Design view to insert text, forms, graphics, components, and other items in a page.

design-time control
An ActiveX control that is used while designing or editing a Web page. Design-time controls are installed on the client computer. See also ActiveX.

DHTML
See Dynamic HTML

discussion group
A Web site that supports interactive discussions between site visitors. Visitors submit topics or responses by entering and then submitting text in a form. Visitors can search the group by using a search form or access articles by using a table of contents.

domain name
An address of a network connection that identifies the owner of that address, such as server.organization.type. For example, www.microsoft.com identifies a Web server at Microsoft Corporation, which is a commercial organization. See also network location.

Dynamic HTML (DHTML)
An extension of HTML that allows you to add interactivity and graphical interest to Web pages. Web pages that use DHTML can change and update dynamically in response to site visitor actions, without being downloaded from a server after every action.

Dynamic Web Template
An HTML file to which you can attach other HTML files that share the same layout. When you update a Dynamic Web Template, all pages that are based on that template are also updated. Dynamic Web Templates have a .dwt file name extension.

E
e-mail
An abbreviation for electronic mail. The exchange of text messages and file attachments between computers over a communications network, such as a network or the Internet.

embedded files
In FrontPage, graphics, sounds, and other types of multimedia files that have been inserted in a Web page. When you save the page, you are prompted to save the embedded files with the page.

embedded style sheet
A cascading style sheet that is part of a Web page. Styles in an embedded style sheet can be applied only to the page containing the style sheet and either extend or override styles defined in any external style sheet that the page links to. An embedded style sheet is stored in a STYLE tag in a Web page.

Encapsulated PostScript (EPS)
An extension of the PostScript graphics file format developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated. EPS format is a high-resolution format that is optimized for printing by PostScript printers. If an EPS-format graphic is printed by any other type of printer, an alternate, lower-resolution version of the graphic is printed. EPS-format files have an .eps file name extension.

encoding
See character encoding

encryption
The process of encoding data to prevent unauthorized access, especially during transmission over the Internet or a network.

EPS
See Encapsulated PostScript

executable folder
A folder in a Web site from which scripts and executable programs can be run. Server administrators may prohibit the use of executable folders.

Extensible Markup Language (XML)
A subset of Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML), a language for creating customized data structures that allow for the definition, transmission, validation, and interpretation of data between programs, servers, and organizations.

Extensible Stylesheet Language (XSL)
An XML-based language for creating style sheets that transform XML documents to other types of documents, such as HTML, and that define the format or presentation of the data in the resulting document.

Extensible Stylesheet Language Transformations (XSLT)
A language for transforming XML documents into other XML documents. It is a subset of Extensible Stylesheet Language (XSL).

external hyperlink
A hyperlink pointing to a page or file that is not part of the active Web site.

external style sheet
A cascading style sheet (CSS) in a file with a .css file name extension. The .css file contains style rules in valid CSS syntax, without any surrounding HTML tags. By defining styles in one or more external style sheets and linking them to pages in your Web site, you ensure a consistent appearance throughout those pages. If you change a style in the external style sheet, the change will be reflected in all of the pages linked to that style sheet.

F

file
A named collection of information that is stored on a computer. Also, an Internet protocol (file://) that refers to files on a disk or network.

file name extension
The characters that follow a period in a file name and indicate the file’s format or type. For example, the file Image.gif uses the .gif file name extension, which indicates that the file is a GIF-format graphic.

file server
A computer running on a network that stores files and provides access to them. A file server is also called a server. See also Web server.

File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
A protocol for copying files to and from remote computer systems on a network or the Internet. FTP sites are frequently used on the Internet for making files and folders publicly available.

file type
The format of a file, commonly indicated by its file name extension.

filter
A set of criteria applied to data in order to display only a subset of that data or to sort that data.

firewall
A combination of hardware and software that helps secure a network or computer system. A firewall can help prevent unauthorized access to a protected network, while enabling the protected network to access networks outside of the firewall.

Flash
A vector graphic animation technology, by Macromedia, Inc., for creating movies, animations, presentations, and more. Flash content can play on any type of computer, if the Flash plug-in is installed on that computer. See also plug-in.

folder
A named storage area on a computer containing files and other folders.

Folders view
In FrontPage, the view of a Web site that shows how the content of the Web site is organized. Similar to Windows Explorer, you can create, delete, copy, and move folders in Folders view.

followed hyperlink
A hyperlink on a Web page that a site visitor has activated by using a mouse device, keyboard, or other type of device.

form
A set of data-entry fields on a Web page. The data is sent to the server when a site visitor completes and submits the form.

form field
A data-entry field in a form. A site visitor supplies information in a field by either typing text or selecting an option.

form handler
A program on a server that runs when a site visitor submits a form.

frame
An area of a Web browser window defined by a frames page. A frame appears in a Web browser as one of a number of different areas in which pages can be displayed. A frame may be scrollable and resizable, and may have a border.

frames page
A page that divides a Web browser’s window into different areas, called frames, which independently display different Web pages. A frames page is also called a frameset.

frameset
See frames page

FrontPage Server Extensions
A set of programs and scripts that support authoring in FrontPage and extend the functionality of a Web server. The FrontPage Server Extensions are available for Internet Information Services (IIS) and other Windows-based Web servers, as well as UNIX-based Web servers.

FTP
See File Transfer Protocol

function
An action or operation performed by a script. A function may return a value or other result.

G
gateway script
See Common Gateway Interface

GIF
See Graphics Interchange Format

graphic
An image or picture file that can be inserted in a Web page.

Graphics Interchange Format (GIF)
A raster graphics file format commonly used to display indexed-color graphics on the World Wide Web. GIF is a compressed format, which is designed to minimize file transfer time over the Internet. GIF-format files have a .gif file name extension. See also interlaced GIF.

H
heading
A paragraph style that displays text in a font that is larger than normal text. The size of text in a heading relates to its level: Heading 1 is the largest, Heading 2 is the next largest, and so on.

hexadecimal
A base-16 number system represented by the digits 0 through 9 and the uppercase or lowercase letters A (equivalent to decimal 10) through F (equivalent to decimal 15). Hexadecimal values are commonly used in HTML code to identify colors.

hidden field
A form field that is invisible to a site visitor but supplies data to a form handler.

hidden folder
In FrontPage, a folder with an underscore (_) at the beginning of its name-for example, _hidden. A hidden folder typically contains supporting files for a Web site. You can specify whether you want to show or hide these folders in the Folder List and some views.

hit
In Web site usage reports, a value indicating the number of times a Web page or file has been accessed. See also visit.

home page
The entry page for a set of Web pages and other files in a Web site. The home page opens by default when a site visitor browses to a site by using a Web browser.

host
See server

hot spot
An area in a graphic that contains a hyperlink. A graphic with one or more hot spots is called an image map. See also image map.

HTML
See Hypertext Markup Language

HTML attribute
A value used within an HTML tag to assign additional properties to the element being defined.

HTML tag
A text string enclosed in angle brackets (<>) that specifies a page element’s type, format, and appearance.

HTTP
See Hypertext Transfer Protocol

HTTPS
See Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure

hyperlink
A pointer from text, a graphic, or other page element to a Web page or file. On the World Wide Web, hyperlinks are the primary way to browse between Web pages and Web sites. A hyperlink is also called a link.

Hyperlinks view
In FrontPage, a view that shows the status of the hyperlinks in a Web site. The list includes both internal and external hyperlinks, and graphically indicates when a hyperlink is intact or broken.

Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)
The standard markup language for documents on the World Wide Web. HTML is a subset of Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML). It uses tags to indicate how Web browsers should display page elements such as text and graphics, and how Web browsers should respond to actions such as the activation of a link by a key press or mouse click.

Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP)
A protocol that allows Web browsers to retrieve Web pages and information from servers on the World Wide Web.

Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS)
A protocol that allows Web browsers to retrieve Web pages and information more securely from servers on the World Wide Web. HTTPS provides for the encryption and transmission of information through a special port.

I
ID selector
In a cascading style sheet style definition (or style rule), a selector that is used to define a style for an individual page element, usually as an inline style.

image map
A graphic containing one or more invisible regions, called hot spots, that link to a page or file.

image tracing
In FrontPage, the process of using a graphical mock-up of a Web page as a visual guide for tracing, thereby creating, the Web page design.

initial page
The page that initially appears in a frame when a site visitor browses to a frames page containing that frame.

inline style
A cascading style sheet rule whose properties and values apply only to a specific element on a Web page, such as a table or a graphic. The style sheet rule is part of the HTML tag for that element.

interlaced GIF
A picture in Graphics Interchange Format (GIF) format that gradually displays in a Web browser, showing increasingly detailed versions of the picture until the entire file has finished downloading.

internal hyperlink
In FrontPage, a hyperlink pointing to any Web page or file in the active Web site.

internal Web site
A Web site created within an organization and available only on the intranet for that organization. An internal Web site is accessible only to members of that organization.

Internet
The worldwide collection of computers, networks and gateways that use TCP/IP protocols to communicate with one another.

Internet address
A unique address that identifies the location of a page, file, or other type of resource on the Internet. An Internet address typically includes four elements: the protocol for accessing the resource, such as http://; the server type; the server name, which is often the name of the organization that maintains the resource; and, a suffix, which typically identifies the type of organization that maintains the resource. An Internet address is also called a Uniform Resource Locator.

Internet Protocol (IP)
A TCP/IP protocol that divides data into packets, routes packets from a sender to a destination network and station, and reassembles the packets into the original data.

Internet Server Application Programming Interface (ISAPI)
An application programming interface designed specifically for Web servers running Internet Information Server (IIS). When a Web browser sends or requests information from a Web server, ISAPI processes the information by running scripts and other processes, and then submits the information to the Web server. ISAPI then retrieves the results from the Web server and sends them to the browser as a Web page.

Internet service provider (ISP)
A business that supplies Internet connectivity services to individuals, businesses, and other organizations.

intranet
A network within an organization that uses Internet technologies and protocols but is available only to certain people, such as employees of a company. An intranet is also called a private network.

IP
See Internet Protocol

IP address
An abbreviation for Internet Protocol address. A standard for identifying a computer that is connected to the Internet. An IP address is four groups of numbers from 0 through 255, each separated by a period – for example, 123.432.154.12

ISAPI
See Internet Server Application Programming Interface

ISP
See Internet Service Provider

J

Java
An object-oriented programming language developed by Sun Microsystems, Incorporated. Programs written in Java are platform-independent, which means they can run on any type of computer.

Java applet
A program written in the Java programming language that can be included in an HTML page. Java applets can be downloaded and run by a Web browser capable of interpreting Java, such as Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator.

Java Virtual Machine
A program that runs Java applets and programs. The Java Virtual Machine is included with most Web browsers.

JavaScript
A scripting language that can be used to add functionality to or enhance the look of a Web page or a Web site. JavaScript scripts can run on any type of client or server computer.

Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG)
A raster graphics file format for displaying high-resolution color graphics on the World Wide Web. JPEG graphics apply a user-specified compression scheme that can significantly reduce the file sizes of photo-realistic color graphics. A higher level of compression results in lower quality, whereas a lower level of compression results in higher quality. JPEG-format files have a .jpg file name extension. See also progressive JPEG.

JPEG
See Joint Photographic Experts Group

K

 

L

layer
A container in a Web page that holds page elements, such as text and graphics. You can overlap, nest, and show or hide layers on a page. You can also animate layers by using Behaviors, which add script to any tag in a page.

layout cell
A cell in a layout table.

layout table
A predefined layout that defines the structure of a Web page as a table. A layout table can also include formatting such as rounded corners, borders, and visual effects. See also autostretch.

link
See hyperlink

link bar
In FrontPage, a collection of graphical or textual buttons containing hyperlinks to Web pages.

list members
Valid code elements, such as properties, methods, and events, for a specific object reference.

live Web site
A Web site that has been published to a Web server and can be browsed by site visitors. See also staging Web site.

local Web site
When publishing files from one location to another by using FrontPage, the Web site that is currently active, or open, in FrontPage. See also remote Web site.

loop
The process of playing a sound repeatedly a specific number of times or endlessly.

M
Macromedia Flash
See Flash

mailto
The Internet protocol for sending electronic mail.

META tag
An HTML tag in the HEAD portion of a Web page. META tags contain information about a page, such as the character encoding for the page.

MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions) type
A method used by Web browsers to associate files of a certain type with programs that display files of that type.

Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG)
A family of standards for coding audio-visual information, such as movies, video, and music, in a digitally compressed format. MPEG files are typically smaller than most video formats, but provide the same quality. MPEG-format files have an .mpeg or an .mpg file name extension.

MPEG
See Moving Pictures Experts Group

multi-hosting
The ability of a Web server to support more than one Internet address and more than one home page. Multi-hosting is also called multi-homing.

N
name-value pair
The name of a form field and the value of the field when the form is submitted. Each field in a form can have one or more name-value pairs and the form itself can have one or more name-value pairs.

navigation bar
See link bar

Navigation view
In FrontPage, the view for creating, displaying, printing, and changing the navigational structure of a Web site. Navigation view includes a folder-like view, where you can drag and drop Web pages in the navigational structure of a Web site.

network location
In a URL, a unique name that identifies an Internet server. A network location has two or more parts, separated by periods – for example, www.example.com. Also called host name and Internet address.

news
The Internet protocol (news://) for retrieving files from an Internet newsgroup.

NTLM
(NT LanMan) The Windows NT Challenge/Response authentication protocol. This protocol uses encryption to help protect the security of passwords during transmission.

O
ODBC
See Open Database Connectivity

OLE
A program-integration technology for transferring and sharing information between programs. OLE lets an author invoke different editor components to create a document that embeds or links to another document.

Open Database Connectivity (ODBC)
A standard method of sharing data between databases and programs. ODBC drivers use standard Structured Query Language (SQL) to gain access to external data.

optimized HTML
HTML code that doesn’t contain unnecessary formatting or tags. By using FrontPage, you can optimize the HTML in your Web pages when you publish them to a Web site.

P
page banner
A section of a Web page containing a graphical element and text, such as the page title. Page banners typically appear at the top of a Web page.

page template
A predesigned Web page that you can customize. Page templates might include layout tables, styles, formatting, graphics, or other page elements.

page title
Descriptive text that identifies a page. A page title appears in the title bar of the Web browser window when a page is open.

Page view
In FrontPage, the view for creating and designing Web pages.

parent Web site
In a hierarchical structure, the Web site that contains the active site.

parent-level page
In FrontPage, a page in a Web site that is part of the navigational structure of the site and links to one or more pages on the child level of the site. See also link bar, Web site structure.

password
The string of characters entered by a user to verify his or her identity to the network. The system compares the code against a stored list of authorized passwords and users. If the code is legitimate, the system allows the user access at whatever security level has been approved for the owner of the password. Ideally a password is a combination of text, numbers, and punctuation or other characters that cannot be guessed at or easily cracked by intruders.

path
The portion of a URL that identifies the folders containing a file. For example, in the URL http://www.example.com/hello/world/top.htm, the path is /hello/world/.

PC Paintbrush (PCX)
A graphics file format that compresses the graphic’s data with RLE-type compression, used by early versions of Windows Paintbrush. PCX-format files are a type of bitmap graphic and they have a .pcx file name extension.

PCD
See Photo CD

PCX
See PC Paintbrush

Photo CD (PCD)
A graphics file format developed by Eastman Kodak Company. Photo CD-format files have a .pcd file name extension.

picture
See graphic

plug-in
A program that allows Web browsers to access and execute files that are embedded in HTML documents and are in formats that browsers typically would not recognize, such as many video and audio formats. For example, the Windows Media Player plug-in allows Internet Explorer to play movies in the browser window.

PNG
See Portable Network Graphics

Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP)
An Internet standard for transmitting data over serial links between computers.

port
One of the network input/output channels of a computer running TCP/IP. On the World Wide Web, the port usually refers to the port number a server is running on. A single computer can have many Web servers running on it, but only one server can be running on each port. The default port for Web servers is 80.

Portable Network Graphics (PNG)
A file format for compressed bitmap graphics, similar to the GIF format. PNG supports variable transparency of images (alpha channels) and control of image brightness on different computers (gamma correction). PNG-format files have a .png file name extension.

PPP
See Point-to-Point Protocol

Preview view
In FrontPage, a view for viewing Web pages as they will appear in a Web browser.

progressive JPEG
An enhancement to the JPEG graphics file format that gradually displays a photo-realistic graphic in a Web browser, showing increasingly detailed versions of the graphic until the entire file downloads. Although similar to the interlaced GIF format, the progressive JPEG format retains high quality, 24-bit color and offers the same compression as standard JPEG format. See also interlaced GIF.

protocol
A set of rules and standards that allow computers to communicate.

proxy server
A computer that acts as a gateway between a network protected by a firewall and other networks. For example, a proxy server passes a request for an Internet address from a Web browser in the protected network to an outside server and then returns the results.

publish
The process of making a Web site available on the World Wide Web or an intranet by copying its pages and files to a Web server that is connected to the Internet or network.

Q
Quick Tag Editor
In FrontPage, a window that allows you to insert, wrap, and edit HTML tags.

Quick Tag Selector
In FrontPage, a toolbar in the document window that allows you to select specific sets of HTML tags.

QuickTime
A multimedia technology that is built into the Apple Macintosh operating system. Macintosh programs that support audio and video content use QuickTime technology to play that content. A Microsoft Windows-based computer can also play QuickTime files, if the QuickTime plug-in is installed on that computer.

R

raster graphics
Images created as a collection of small, independent dots, called pixels, which are arranged in rows and columns. See also vector graphics.

RDBMS
See relational database management system

record
In a database, a group of related fields of information that are treated as a single unit. Records are the logical equivalents of rows in a table. In FrontPage, a group of records is referred to as a recordset.

referring domain
On the Internet and intranets, the address of a network location from which site visitors follow a hyperlink to another Web site.

registered user
A Web site visitor whose name and password has been recorded within the Web site.

relational database management system (RDBMS)
A database system that organizes data into related rows and columns as specified by a relational model. Microsoft SQL Server and Oracle are examples of relational database management systems.

relative URL
The Internet address of a Web page or other World Wide Web resource relative to the Internet address of the active page. A relative URL gives the path from the active page to the destination page or resource.

remote Web site
When publishing files from one location to another by using FrontPage, the Web site on the destination server. See also local Web site.

Remote Web Site view
In FrontPage, a view for publishing folders and files in a Web site to a Web server. You can also synchronize, or merge changes between, files in two or more locations when you publish them.

Reports view
In FrontPage, a view for analyzing the contents of a Web site. For example, you can calculate the total size of the files in your site, and identify slow or outdated pages.

resample
The process of changing the pixel dimensions of a graphic after changing its size. A graphic can be resampled down, which decreases the number of pixels in it, or resampled up, which increases the number of pixels in the graphic by matching the color values of the existing pixels.

S

script
A type of computer code that sends a set of instructions to a program, such as a Web browser. A script is run directly by a program that can interpret the language in which the script is written. On the World Wide Web, scripts are commonly used to customize or add interactivity to Web pages.

Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)
A standard, developed by Netscape Communications, for encrypting information and transmitting it over the Internet more securely.

selector
In a cascading style sheet style definition (or style rule), the HTML element linked to a particular set of style properties and values.

separator character
A character that indicates where you want new rows or columns to begin when you convert text to a table.

server
On a network, a computer that provides access to files and other resources that are also part of the network. On the World Wide Web, a computer that hosts Web pages and responds to requests from Web browsers.

server-side image map
An image map that passes the coordinates of the mouse pointer to a CGI handler routine on the server. Server-side image maps require the Web server to compute the target URL of the hyperlink based on the mouse pointer coordinates. See also image map.

SGML
See Standard Generalized Markup Language

shared border
In FrontPage, a region of a Web page that is common to one or more pages in a Web site. A shared border may be a region at the top or bottom of a page (similar to a page header or footer), at the left, or at the right. Use shared borders to place the same content on multiple pages in one step, rather than editing each page.

slow page
A Web page that requires an inordinate amount of time to open in a Web browser.

Split view
In FrontPage, a view that combines Code and Design views by displaying each view in a separate pane of the document window. One pane displays the source code of the Web page and the other pane displays an approximated WYSIWYG view of that page.

SQL
See Structured Query Language

SSL
See Secure Sockets Layer

staging Web site
A Web site that is maintained on a private file or Web server. Staging sites allow authors and workgroups to change and review Web pages or files before publishing those pages or files to the World Wide Web or a company intranet. See also live Web site.

Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML)
A language for organizing and tagging elements and data in a document. SGML itself does not specify any particular formatting; rather, it specifies the rules for tagging elements. Tags can then be interpreted to format elements in different ways.

Structured Query Language (SQL)
A database query and programming language widely used for accessing, querying, updating, and managing data in relational database systems. By using SQL, you can retrieve data from a database, create databases and database objects, add data, modify existing data, and perform other, more complex functions. With SQL, you can also change the server configuration, modify database or session settings, and control data and access statements.

style
A set of formatting characteristics for text or other page elements. See also cascading style sheet.

subsite
A named subdirectory of a Web site that is also a complete site.

synchronize
When publishing files by using FrontPage, the process of identifying differences between two or more versions of a file and resolving those differences by merging the content into a single version of the file.

T
table
One or more columns and rows of cells that organize the layout of a page or arrange data systematically.

tag
See HTML tag

Tagged Image File Format (TIFF)
A high-resolution, tag-based file format commonly used for the scanning, storage, and interchange of gray-scale graphics. TIFF-format files have a .tiff or .tif file name extension.

Targa (TGA)
A photorealistic, raster graphics file format developed by Truevision Incorporated and designed for systems that have a Truevision display adapter. TGA-format files have a .tga file name extension.

target frame
The name of a frame in which the target of a hyperlink is displayed. Typically, a hyperlink from one frame on a frames page will supply as its target frame another frame on the frames page. See also frame, frames page.

Tasks view
In FrontPage, a view that lists both the tasks required and the tasks you choose to track when completing or maintaining a Web site.

TCP
See Transmission Control Protocol

template
A set of predesigned text formatting, graphics, and layout settings for a Web page or site. After you create a page or site by using a template, you can customize it. See also Dynamic Web Template.

TGA
See Targa

theme
In FrontPage, a set of color schemes, graphics, and other page elements that you can apply to one or more pages in a Web site.

thread
In e-mail and Internet newsgroups conversations, a series of messages and replies that are related to a specific subject.

thumbnail
A small representation of a picture on a Web page, usually containing a hyperlink to a full-size version of the graphic.

TIFF
See Tagged Image File Format

top-level Web site
The uppermost folder in a hierarchy of Web site folders. A top-level Web site can be hosted on a Web server, a virtual server network, or a local computer hard disk. A top-level Web site is also called a root Web site. See also subsite.

Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)
Internet networking software that controls the transmission of packets of data over the Internet. Among its tasks, TCP checks for lost packets, arranges the data from multiple packets into the correct order, and requests that missing or damaged packets be sent again. Computers must run TCP to communicate with Web servers.

TWAIN
Developed by a consortium of imaging hardware and software manufacturers, TWAIN is a cross-platform interface for sharing graphics between computers and TWAIN-compliant scanners, digital cameras, and still-frame video capture boards.

U
Uniform Resource Locator (URL)
See Internet address

UNIX
A multi-user, multitasking operating system that exists in various forms and implementations, typically used on proprietary computer workstations. Many Web servers run on UNIX systems.

V
variable
Letters or a name that can represent numeric values, characters, character strings, or memory addresses. When writing code, a programmer uses variables to represent data. Then, when the program executes, the variables are replaced with real data.

VB
See Visual Basic

VBA
See Visual Basic for Applications

VBScript
See Visual Basic Scripting Edition

vector graphics
Images generated from mathematical descriptions that determine the position, length, and direction in which lines are drawn. Vector graphics are collections of lines rather than patterns of individual dots or pixels. See also raster graphics.

Vector Markup Language (VML)
An XML-based language for creating two-dimensional vector graphics in an HTML or XML document. VML uses XML tags and cascading style sheets to create and place graphics, such as circles and squares, in a document, such as a Web page. These graphics can include color and can be edited in several graphics programs.

virtual server
A collection of file and other hosting services that appears to be a separate server, but is not associated with a specific server. Each virtual server has its own domain name and IP address and appears as an individual Web site. A Web server that supports virtual servers is called a multi-hosting Web server.

visit
In Web site usage reports, a value that indicates that a site visitor has accessed your Web site and viewed one or more files before following a hyperlink to another site or closing the browser. See also hit.

visited hyperlink
See followed hyperlink

Visual Basic
An object-oriented programming language. Visual Basic was developed by Microsoft for building Windows-based programs.

Visual Basic for Applications (VBA)
A subset of the Microsoft Visual Basic programming language. VBA is used for programmatically accessing Windows programs and is supported by several Microsoft Office programs, including FrontPage.

Visual Basic Scripting Edition (VBScript)
A scripting language that can be used to add functionality to a Web page or a Web site, or to enhance the look of one. VBScript is optimized for Web-related programming, and it is a subset of the Microsoft Visual Basic programming language.

VML
See Vector Markup Language

W
W3C
See World Wide Web Consortium

watermark
A graphic that appears on the background of a Web page. Unlike background pictures, watermarks do not scroll with the other elements on a Web page.

Web browser
A program that interprets HTML files, formats them into Web pages, and displays them. You can use a Web browser to jump from one Web page to another by following hyperlinks, to download files from the Internet to your computer, and to play audio or video files that are embedded in a Web page.

Web Part
A modular unit of information that contains Web-based content and is the building block of a Web Part Page. A Web Part is made up of several component files that store the data and information necessary to render the Web Part.

Web site
A set of associated Web pages, graphics, documents, multimedia, and other related files that are stored in a shared directory on a Web server.

Web site structure
In FrontPage, the set of relationships between the pages in a Web site. See also link bar, Navigation view.

Web-based Distributed Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV)
An application protocol related to HTTP 1.1 that allows authors, using different computers, to publish and manage files on the World Wide Web. WebDAV provides support for storing various types of information about a file, such as the author of a file. By using this information, you can both view and change information about the content of a file and its properties, without overwriting changes that someone else might have made to that file.

WebDAV
See Web-based Distributed Authoring and Versioning

well-formed XML document
An XML file in which there is only one root element and all the elements, delimited by start- and end-tags, nest properly within each other and are syntactically correct.

Windows Metafile Format (WMF)
A vector graphics file format for Windows-based computers. This format is typically used when working with graphics in a word processing program, such as Microsoft Word. WMF-format files have a .wmf file name extension.

WMF
See Windows Metafile Format

World Wide Web
The graphical, multimedia portion of the Internet. The most common files on the World Wide Web are HTML documents, which are also known as Web pages. Each Web page, as well as other types of files, on the World Wide Web has an address, called a Uniform Resource Locator (URL), which uniquely identifies it.

World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)
A consortium of commercial and educational institutions that oversees research and promotes standards in all areas related to the World Wide Web.

WYSIWYG
An acronym for “What You See Is What You Get.” With a WYSIWYG view, you can see how your Web page or document will appear in the final product. You can also directly edit the text, graphics, and other elements in a document while using a WISYWIG view.

X

XML
See Extensible Markup Language

XSL
See Extensible Stylesheet Language

XSLT
See Extensible Stylesheet Language Transformation

Y

Z